Folyamatos befejezett múlt

A folyamatos befejezett múlt funkciói

A folyamatos befejezett múlt (past perfect continuous) a folyamatos befejezett jelennek (present perfect continuous) felel meg, de egy olyan időre utal, amelyik korábban történt, mint a 'jelen előtti pillanat'. A folyamatos befejezett múlt esetén jobban érdekel bennünket a folyamat.

Példák
  • Had you been waiting long before the taxi arrived?
  • We had been trying to open the door for five minutes when Jane found her key.
  • It had been raining hard for several hours and the streets were very wet.
  • Her friends had been thinking of calling the police when she walked in.

Ezt a formát használjuk a függő beszédben is. A folyamatos múlt (past continuous) és a folyamatos befejezett jelen (present perfect continuous) megfelelője a direkt beszédben:

  • Jane said, "I have been gardening all afternoon." = Jane said she had been gardening all afternoon.
  • When the police questioned him, John said, "I was working late in the office that night." = When the police questioned him, John told them he had been working late in the office that night.

A folyamatos befejezett múlt formálása

A folyamatos befejezett múlt két részből áll: a to be ige befejezett múlt formája (had been) + a fő ige folyamatos melléknévi igenév fomája (present participle), (tő + ing).

Alany had been ige + ing
I had been walking
Állító
She had been trying
Tagadó
She hadn't been sleeping
Kérdő
Had you been eating?
Kérdő tagadó
Hadn't they been living?
To buy, folyamatos befejezett múlt
Állító Tagadó Kérdő
I had been buying I hadn't been buying Had I been buying?
You had been buying You hadn't been buying Had you been buying?
She had been buying She hadn't been buying Had she been buying?
We had been buying We hadn't been buying Had we been buying?
They had been buying They hadn't been buying Had they been buying?