A szenvedő szerkezet cselekvő megfelelői

Az cselekvő szerkezetű mondatokat könnyebb megérteni, mint azokat, amelyek a szenvedő szerkezetet használják. Átváltani a szenvedő szerkezetből cselekvőbe egészen egyértelmű, viszont egy kis gyakorlást kíván. Az alábbi táblázatban, amely a megfelelőket mutatja be, figyeld meg, hogy a to be igeideje a szenvedő formában mindig ugyanaz, mint a fő ige ideje a cselekvő szerkezetben. Annak érdekében, hogy a cselekvő szerkezetet használd, egyértelművé kell tenned a cselekvés alanyát.

To Keep, cselekvő és szenvedő szerkezet

Igeidő Cselekvő szerkezet Szenvedő szerkezet Cselekvő mondat Szenvedő megfelelő
Egyszerű Jelen keep is kept I keep the butter in the fridge. The butter is kept in the fridge.
Folyamatos Jelen is keeping is being kept John is keeping my house tidy. My house is being kept tidy.
Egyszerű Múlt kept was kept Mary kept her schedule meticulously. Mary's schedule was kept meticulously.
Folyamatos Múlt was keeping was being kept The theater was keeping a seat for you. A seat was being kept for you.
Befejezett Jelen have kept have been kept I have kept all your old letters. All your old letters have been kept.
Befejezett Múlt had kept had been kept He had kept up his training regimen for a month. His training regimen had been kept up for a month.
Egyszerű Jövő will keep will be kept Mark will keep the ficus. The ficus will be kept.
Feltételes Jelen would keep would be kept If you told me, I would keep your secret. If you told me, your secret would be kept.
Feltételes Múlt would have kept would have been kept I would have kept your bicycle here if you had left it with me. Your bicycle would have been kept here if you had left it with me.
Jelen Idejű Főnévi Igenév to keep to be kept She wants to keep the book. The book wants to be kept.
Múlt Idejű Főnévi Igenév to have kept to have been kept Judy was happy to have kept the puppy. The puppy was happy to have been kept.
Folyamatos Melléknévi Igenév és Gerundium keeping being kept I have a feeling that you may be keeping a secret. I have a feeling that a secret may be being kept.
Befejezett Melléknévi Igenév having kept having been kept Having kept the bird in a cage for so long, Jade wasn't sure it could survive in the wild. The bird, having been kept in a cage for so long, might not survive in the wild.